Making of Ethernet Cables
Most networking devices comes with Ethernet cables that is used to connect the hardware to your network. But network providers usually give not more than four feet of cable. That lack of length doesn’t support to connect number of portable devices and generally are hard-wired to a network like switches, routers, Servers and NASes.
But we are connected that portable devices by purchasing longer Ethernet cables from electronic or computer stores. Most of the people buying pre-made Ethernet cables. But you ever think that how it will when you make this cable by your own hands? Using with some tools. You can do this easily when you know the process of making and with little practice, also having right tools. If you are able to do this you can follow whenever you need a long Ethernet cable (also known as RJ-45, patch, and network cables) that you can’t find in the store.
First, decide which type of cable you required. The cable which is used to connect the networking hardware, switches, adapters, NASes, routers is called straight through cable. Now a days, it is preferable cable to connect with today’s networking devices. But sometimes we are unable to use this cable for connecting older devices by their switches or connecting two hubs (a technique called daisy-chaining), and also for connecting two older laptops to each other. For that we need cross-over cable. However, we have one great technology called Auto-MDIX, which can sense on network ports automatically if a cross-over or straight through connection is required and will make the suitable connection. Check your device’s documentation if the connection needs a cross-over cable whenever you like to link older portable devices.
Choose right tools to work. You will require a spool of Cat5 or Cat6 cable. Actually Cat5 cable is now the standard but if your network is Gigabit Ethernet should use Cat6. These cables can have PVC or plenum jackets. PVC cable has very less cost than plenum cable, but if it catches on fire it produces a toxic smoke. So it is prohibited by some building codes. On the other hand, Plenum doesn’t not produce these types of fumes like toxic smoke. So go with PVC coated cable, when you have no prohibitions preventing the use of PVC and are new to making Ethernet cables. Because it was cheap but wiring is not as soft as a Plenum cables. For this, you’ll also need RJ-45 plugs or heads plastic modular plugs to terminate both ends of the cable, a wire stripper and an RJ-45 crimper. The crimper is used to protect the heads at each end of the wire, a wire cutter or a good, sharp pair of scissors.
Cut the wire to the required length and strip about an inch of the jacket off, revealing the four twisted pairs of inner wiring. While stripping the cable, be careful not to cut the wires. This may lead to connection problems. Apply this at two ends of the cable.
Get ready your wire for crimping or termination. Don’t twist your wire. Depending upon the type of cable (straight through or cross over) set up your wires. Arrange the wires, on two ends as you are holding and looking at the cable, from left to right: white-orange, orange, white-green, blue, white-blue, green, white-brown, brown. For a cross over cable, the wire arrangement is different at two ends. At one end, arrange as follows: white-green, green, white-orange, blue, white-blue, orange, and white-brown, brown. At the other end, arrange as you would for a straight-through cable: white-orange, orange, white-green, blue, white-blue, green, white-brown, brown.
Terminate the cable at two ends. Unbend the wires as much as possible; it will make them simple to place inside of the RJ-45 plug. Get the wires as close to one another as possible, holding them between your thumb, index, and middle fingers. Trim the wires consistently to about a quarter of an inch, here’s the difficult part, it takes some preparation; fall the wires inside of the RJ-45 plug with the clip-side down. Don’t strive to jam the wires in, they should slip inside the clip and fit comfortable. You don’t want to like any wires among the plug and the jacket; you want a bit of the jacket going into the plug. You should also contact each wire with the gold leads in the plug.
Take the crimper and crimp down on the plug, pressing the crimper tightly, but not too hard.
Test your prepared cable by connecting a networking device with an actively indicated LED device to your network. Make sure you are getting a strong signal.
This is all about how to make Ethernet cables.
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