Bone Marrow Cancer

The main job of the bone marrow is to create blood cells. Bone marrow cancer normally starts within the bones of the body of an individual. It is one of the deadliest diseases that are known to make an individual suffer for a really long time.

Given below is a list of the bone marrow cancers that you need to educate yourself about.

Multiple myelomas

According to www.lls.org, almost 12770 deaths are being anticipated in 2018 as a result of myeloma. This is one of the most common forms of bone marrow cancer, which is known to affect the plasma cells. They are basically the cells that are responsible for fighting diseases as well as infections. In the case of multiple myeloma, the plasma cells that are cancerous are responsible for pushing out the normal and healthy cells and also destroy the bones. The chances of this kind of cancer increase as your age increases. Most commonly, it is known to affect the people who are above 65 years of age and men are more affected in comparison to women. The risk factors of multiple myeloma include:

  • If an individual has someone in the family who has already suffered from myeloma.

  • If you work in the oil industries.

  • If you are overweight or suffering from obesity.

  • If you have a long history of the other diseases within the plasma cell.

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a rare bone marrow disease, which is known to start within the lymph nodes, but end up affecting the marrow as well. It normally starts in the lymphocytes, which is basically a kind of white blood cell. The white blood cells are important parts of the immune system of the body. When the lymphocytes are affected, it becomes difficult for them to fight with the different infections as well as diseases occurring within the body. Lymphoma is normally known to affect people who are above 60 years of age. The risk factors that are associated with lymphoma include:

  • Exposure to harmful chemicals like chemotherapy, benzene, as well as radiation therapy for curing cancer.

  • The different autoimmune conditions that include lupus, Sjogren’s syndrome, and rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Infections like hepatitis C or HIV.

  • Having obesity or being overweight.

  • Having a breast implant.

Diagnosis

Doctors are going to check the bone marrow in order to see if the bone marrow is making the normal quantity of blood cells. This is known as the bone marrow test, which is normally of two kinds, biopsy, and aspiration.

In the case of aspiration, the doctors normally take the fluid of your bone marrow with the help of a needle. This is going to help him identify if you are having an infection or suffering from fever and he will be able to detect the issue immediately.

In order to gain more information, a bone marrow biopsy is performed. In the case of biopsy, long needles are used for removing a tiny piece of your bone marrow. Both these tests are safe and simple for the patients.

Conclusion

The treatment of the bone marrow disease normally depends on the kind of cancer that you are suffering from. It is crucial that you get the diagnosis done before anything serious happens.